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On October 4th, 2023, the Editorial Board of Ramjas Economic Review celebrated the launch of the Fifth volume of its annual academic journal. The event featured Dr. Indrani Gupta, the Professor and Head of the Health Policy Research Unit at the Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi, as the guest of honor. Dr. Gupta delivered a lecture on the theme "Universal Health Coverage and Economic Growth: Challenges and Policy Implications," sparking a stimulating discussion.

The event commenced with an address by the Editor-in-Chief, G Soundharya, followed by a felicitation by Dr. Sonia Goel, who recounted the journal's journey. The Ramjas Economic Review holds the distinction of being the only student-run academic ISSN-certified journal in Delhi University. The launch marked the fifth volume and showcased the journal's remarkable success. The journey began in 2004 with the launch of "Budding Economist," a magazine that encouraged students and teachers to explore ideas beyond their curriculum. In 2014, it transitioned into an academic journal under The Ramjas Economics Society, and in 2018, it was officially named "The Ramjas Economic Review."


Dr. Indrani Gupta formally launched the fifth volume of the Ramjas Economic Review during the event, with faculty members, the editorial board members and students in attendance. The publication was subsequently made available on the journal's website.




Dr. Gupta's address commenced with a comprehensive retrospective analysis of India's performance during the COVID-19 pandemic, effectively underscoring a dual narrative characterized by unpreparedness in some quarters and notable resilience in others. This nuanced perspective laid the foundation for her broader message, which unambiguously emphasized that India remains confronted by formidable healthcare challenges.

Dr. Gupta's discerning insights illuminated a stark reality: that health outcomes in India exhibit a distressing pattern of inequity, predominantly affecting the economically disadvantaged and marginalized sectors of society. She rigorously highlighted the pronounced disparities across a spectrum of crucial healthcare metrics, including immunization rates, healthcare-seeking behaviors, and the incidence of anemia. Alarmingly, these metrics consistently depict a disproportionately adverse trajectory for the most underprivileged quintile in comparison to the more affluent segments of the population.

Underscoring the severity of the situation, Dr. Gupta drew upon a rigorously conducted global study of human capital, where India's placement at the 158th position among 195 countries emerged as an incontrovertible indictment.


This study, characterized by a comprehensive evaluation encompassing critical determinants such as life expectancy, educational attainment, cognitive development, and functional health, poignantly revealed India's significant room for improvement across these multifaceted domains that collectively constitute the essential underpinnings of human capital development. Dr. Gupta's address thus resonated as a clarion call for a thorough reevaluation of India's healthcare landscape and its associated disparities, emphasizing the compelling need for systemic reforms and equitable interventions.

Dr. Gupta's discourse extended into the realm of maternal and child healthcare, an area where India conspicuously bears the onus of improvement, while neighboring countries exhibit superior performance in this vital domain. The backdrop of her address was backed by a critical lamentation over the persistently high out-of-pocket expenditure on healthcare in India. This circumstance is exacerbated by the stark underperformance of the public healthcare system, which consistently falls short of the nation's burgeoning healthcare expectations. Despite notable increases in healthcare budgets, the actual spending in this sector fails to commensurately reflect these augmentations, leading to a disconcerting scenario where a substantial segment of the populace is compelled to resort to expensive private hospitals, further deepening healthcare disparities.

Subsequently, Dr. Gupta delved into the concept of Universal Health Coverage (UHC), a paradigm that holds profound significance in the global discourse on healthcare equity. UHC aspires to establish a healthcare framework wherein every individual and community is empowered to access essential health services without being subjected to undue financial hardship.


This overarching vision of UHC encompasses a wide spectrum of quality health services, spanning from health promotion and disease prevention to curative treatments, rehabilitation, and palliative care. The core ethos of UHC is to ensure equitable access to healthcare services, thereby addressing not only the symptoms but also the root causes of illness, ultimately nurturing the enhancement of overall population health. Dr. Gupta's articulation of UHC encapsulates a vision for a healthcare system that transcends mere curative medicine to embrace a holistic, inclusive, and proactive approach that is rooted in the fundamental principles of health equity.

In her concluding remarks, Dr. Indrani Gupta left an indelible imprint on her audience with an uplifting and optimistic message: that hope continues to pervade India's healthcare system. Her impassioned plea resonated with the assembled individuals, as she ardently implored everyone to acknowledge the paramount importance of health and to elevate it to a position of supreme national priority.


The session then moved on to a dynamic and engaging discussion, which delved deeper into critical issues. Attendees placed added emphasis on the concept of fiscal space, where the capacity to allocate resources for healthcare was scrutinized in the context of India's economic landscape. Comparative studies, which provide valuable insights by benchmarking India against other nations, were also explored, offering a broader perspective on healthcare challenges and successes.


Additionally, the discourse touched on the inherent trade-offs that are often encountered in the healthcare sector, where competing priorities and limited resources necessitate difficult decisions. These discussions reinforced the multidimensional nature of healthcare challenges and the need for a holistic and informed approach to address them effectively.

Dr. Gupta's session on Universal Health Coverage (UHC) and its intersection with economic growth challenges and policy implications was a significant and enlightening discourse. It provided a platform for critical discussions on how UHC can be both a catalyst and a consequence of economic development, shedding light on the intricate relationship between healthcare and a nation's prosperity.




The session's insights and deliberations underscored the importance of adopting policies that prioritize equitable access to healthcare, recognizing that UHC not only contributes to improved health outcomes but also fosters economic resilience. As the session drew to a close, it became evident that UHC is not just a healthcare issue but a strategic imperative for nations aspiring to achieve holistic socio-economic growth. 

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